To Explain the mystery of the Trinity isn’t easy, but as Catholics, we know and love this fact of three persons in one God. I understand most people would argue, how can there be three persons in one?
The fact is that the mystery of the Holy Trinity is the central mystery of the Catholic faith and of the Catholic life
Well trinity in Catholic belief is the father, the son and the Holy Spirit. It is said that one God is in three divine people. This word is derived from the Latin word trinitas which means, “Three, a triad.” These are three different people yet they are one. According to the Christian faith, it is said that there is one God in all three while they are treated as three different beings very distinct as declared by the Fourth Lateran Council that,
“It is the Father who generates, the Son who is begotten, and the Holy Spirit who proceeds”
So in the trinity it is considered that all things come from “the father” through “the son” and into “the holy spirit.”
Here it is to be noticed that the “begetting” used for the son is an intellectual begetting. This begetting of the son comes about in the inner life of God. They are not considered as two separate or different beings rather they are said to be two persons with a distinct relation who remain as one entity.
According to the texts of the New Testament the teaching of the Trinity was Matthew 28:19, which made it mandatory that baptization be done, “in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit”
The holy trinity has four timeless relations with the God,
- The Father dynamically and perpetually creates the Son, constituting the person of God, the Father.
- The Son is inertly created by the Father, which constitutes the person of the Son.
- The Father and the Son keenly spirate the Holy Spirit in the one relation contained in the inner life of God that does not constitute a person. That is because the Father and Son are already in relation to each other and constituted as a person in the first two relations. As CCC 240 teaches,
“[The Second Person of the Blessed Trinity] is Son only in relation to his Father.”
- The Holy Spirit is passively spirated of the Father and the Son, constituting the person of the Holy Spirit.
This being said, doesn’t mean that there are three different Gods. There is only one God present as three as strongly suggested in the bible that God does exist as three people but is only one divine being. He is only one. As said in the first of the Ten Commandments that, “Thou shall have no other gods before me.” The Shema of the Hebrew Scriptures: “Hear, O Israel: the LORD our God, the LORD is one.” Also in the texts of the New Testament:
“The LORD our God is one.”
If we think about a family, we’ll realize that the father, mother and the child, they can be three different people and yet have the same nature just like that the father, the son, and the holy spirit are three distinct persons possessing the same divine nature.